To understand why Israel belongs to God’s people, we must know what the Bible says. It began years ago, God appeared unto Abraham and told him that he would be a Father of many nations and that he would bless him with many seed or children (Genesis 17). Then later Abraham had a son when he was old and he named him Issac (Genesis 21). Abraham commanded his servant to go to his own country to find a wife for his son, Issac. The servant obeyed and went to the land Mesopotamia. He saw Rebekah, one of Abraham’s relatives. He told the story to Laban her brother of how Abraham had commanded him to find a wife for Issac. Laban accepted that this must have proceeded from the Lord so he didn’t object (Genesis 24). So the servant brought Rebekah back to Issac to marry. Rebekah conceived and had two sons, who were twins (Genesis 25). The Lord had told her that her sons, Jacob and Esau, would be over two nations; one people would be stronger than the other (Genesis 25:23). Esau was the oldest and should have received the birthright, but he traded it for a morsel of meat (Genesis 25:33). The birthright was of great importance. When Esau lost his birthright, he lost a greater ownership of his father’s property, as well as the position of leader of the family (thinking of family as a whole tribe of people).
Issac was old and felt he was going to die soon, so he called his son Esau into his room. He asked him to go to the field with his bow and get a deer (venison), then prepare it for him and he would bless him (Genesis 27). Rebekah heard this so she told Jacob to go and fetch two goats and she would prepare some meat for Issac. Then she told him to take it in to Issac so he could be blessed. Jacob said, “Esau my brother is hairy and I am a smooth man.” So Rebekah put clothes that belonged to Esau on Jacob, and placed the skins of goats upon him, so he would appear hairy. So Issac blessed Jacob because he thought he was Esau. When Esau came back, he found out what had happened and was angry. He asked his father to bless him, but Issac told Esau that he had Jacob his master (Genesis 37:27). Esau hated his brother and made plans to kill him. Rebekah told Jacob to flee to her brothers Laban’s house. Issac told him to take him a wife from Laban’s daughters.
On his journey he became tired and so he lay down and fell asleep Genesis 28:11). Jacob had a dream about a latter that reached into Heaven and angels ascending and descending on it. The Lord stood above the ladder and told him that he was the Lord and that he was going to give him the land where he liest; to him and to his seed (Genesis 28:13). He told him: And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. Jacob made a vow and said that if God would be with him, help him have bread to eat, and help him to come to his father’s house in peace again, that the Lord would be his God.
Jacob arrived at Laban’s house and saw Rachel, whom he later married. Laban wouldn’t allow Jacob to marry Rachel first, because she was the youngest. He had to marry Leah first, then Rachel. Leah bare Jacob four sons, whom they named Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah. Rachel envied her sister Leah and asked Jacob to go into her handmaid Bilhah to marry. Bilhah conceived and had two sons who Rachel named Dan and Naphtali. Leah couldn’t bear any more children so she gave Jacob her handmaid, Zilpah. Zilpah bear two sons; Gad and Asher. Then Jacob had two more sons with Leah, whom she called Issachar and Zebulun. Leah then had a daughter named Dinah. Then God allowed Rachel to conceive and she had Joseph. Later on, she had Benjamin and she died.
The Lord God spoke to Jacob and told him to go to Bethel and dwell there and make an altar to the Lord. When he built the altar, God said into him: Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins; And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land (Genesis 35:10-12).
When Joseph was young, he had a dream and he told it to his brethren. They hated him because of it. Jacob rebuked Joseph when he told him the dream. He said, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? His brothers when they were in the fields conspired against him to slay him (Genesis 37:20). First they placed him in a deep pit, then they sold him to a company of Ishmeelites (Genesis 37:25). They told their father that Joseph had been devoured by a evil beast (37:33). Jacob mourned for his son many days.
Jacob’s (Israel) son’s began to multiply upon the earth. Joseph was taken to Egypt and was bought by Potiphar an officer of Pharoah. Potiphar made Joseph overseer of his house because he saw that the Lord was with him. He was later accused of wrong doing by Potiphar’s wife, that he was thrown in prison. After he had interpreted a dream for Pharoah, he was let out of jail, and made him ruler over Egypt. (Genesis 41:39-43) And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt.